Inherited Kidney Diseases in Dogs (July 2019)

Also known as familial kidney disease, congenital kidney disease, and developmental kidney disease, inherited kidney diseases tend to affect dogs from birth spanning the rest of their lives.

What is Inherited Kidney Disease in Dogs?

The problem with IKD is that it covers a wide range of diseases – all of which result in kidney conditions that relate to problems with genetics and the parents of the dog.

The diseases affect a dog’s development and overall growth where the kidneys are concerned, either right from birth or in a short period of time after their birth.

More often than not, dogs are diagnosed within 5 years of being born.

Listed below are the types of kidney diseases that fall under the inherited category:

  • Familial glomerulonephritis
  • Familiar glomerulonephropathy
  • Familiar nephropathy
  • Renal dysplasia
  • Renal ectopia
  • Renal telangiectasia
  • Renal amyloidosis
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Tubulointerstitial nephropathy

The diseases listed above are only just a few. Unfortunately, there are many more.

The speed in which the kidneys deteriorate depends highly on when they start to fail and how fast it can be diagnosed.

Symptoms of Inherited Kidney Diseases in Dogs

Listed below are the signs and symptoms of inherited kidney diseases in dogs:

  • Pale gums from anemia 
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Lethargy
  • Lack of appetite
  • Excessive thirst and urination
  • Enlarged abdomen 
  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in the urine
  • Build-up of fluid underneath the skin

If you spot any of these symptoms, get your dog to a vet as soon as you can.

Breeds At Risk of Inherited Kidney Diseases

The following is a list of breeds who are at risk of inherited kidney diseases:

  • Bernese Mountain Dog
  • Doberman Pinscher
  • Golden Retriever
  • Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier
  • Lhasa Apso
  • Shih Tzu
  • Rottweilers
  • Norwegian Elkhound
  • Pembroke Welsh Corgi
  • Miniature Schnauzer
  • Shar-Pei
  • Bull Terrier

If you have a new puppy from any of these breeds, I highly recommend a trip to the vet to find out more about the risk factor and get any recommended testing done.

Leading a Healthy Life

If your dog is at risk or has an inherited kidney disease, it’s very important for you to work with your vet to ensure he lives a long, happy life.

Do not breed a dog who has an inherited kidney disease.

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